& al. Young leaves yellow, turning green later, crown narrow in youth. A variant in Irish Gardens was described by Alan Mitchell (Mitchell 1974) as both cut-leaved and variegated; one was recorded by Mitchell at the Westonbirt National Arboretum as 15 m, dbh 32 cm in 1967 (Tree Register 2018). ex W.D.J.Koch) Hoffm. Selected for street planting by Hillier Nurseries in the early 1980s, and introduced in 1998 (Edwards & Marshall 2019). Schneid. cordifolia (Besser) C.K. It is in flower from June to July, and the seeds ripen in October. It is also frequently planted in parks and gardens. Each flower has a single, hairless style (female part). Schneid. It is a deciduous tree, native to much of Europe, including locally in southwestern Great Britain, growing on lime-rich soils. Kew Species Profiles A Kárpát-medencében jellegzetesen elegyfa, amely főleg gyertyános-tölgyesekben és ártéri ligeterdőkben gyakori. Strong-growing, rather narrow-crowned in youth, with reddish branchlets. Listopadna vrsta iz porodice Tiliaceae. For information about how you could sponsor this page, see How You Can Help. Yellowy-green leaves are produced on bright yellow stems throughout the season on this easily managed tree. SynonymsTilia vitifolia HostTilia platyphyllos var. Lime flower tea is also used widely to ease coughs. When in flower the bracts almost exceed the foliage in coverage of the tree, making it look quite pale. Főképpen Közép- és Dél-Európában elterjedt faj. Interpreting Wetland Status. Found as a witch’s broom in an old tree at the Belvedere, Prague Castle (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013). Piggott: Tree bark: Bark of a 270 year old tree in an avenue, Uckfield, Sussex, England, UK. The original in the Wageningen Arboretum was about 4.5 m tall after 40 years (Bean 1981). The young twigs are hairy. Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Kew Backbone Distributions A compact form, which is quite widespread in the European trade, apparently normally offered top-grafted to give a standard with a small ball-shaped crown. corinthiaca (Bosc ex K. Koch) Pigott, is endemic to the Peloponnese and somewhat more distinct, with essentially glabrous leaves and thin-walled, spindle shaped fruits. Staminodes absent. Albania, Tutin, T.G. Flowers: Flowers are fragrant, borne in groups of 2-6, and bisexual, with five free sepals and five free, yellowish petals. Trees from the Mediterranean edge are least hairy. A form with blue-green twigs and leaves bluish underneath, represented by an old tree in the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (19699330*A; 21 m, dbh 73 cm in 2014 – Tree Register 2018) It has had at least a small distribution, having once been listed by Kris Michielsen in Belgium (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013). Tilia E. Eaton, G. Caudullo, D. de Rigo Tilia cordata Mill., known as small-leaved lime, and Tilia platyphyllos Scop., known as large-leaved lime, are very similar trees, both native to Europe and preferring warmer climates. A large tree, to 40 m, dbh 4 m, of domed habit; trunk very seldom with epicormic sprouts. Bigger Bugger. These distinctions are of marginal horticultural significance. A stone at the latter’s base claims that it was planted in 760 CE (monumentaltrees.com 2018). Dirr (2009) was unable to find the species, or any of its cultivars in recent American nursery catalogues. Selected by the Konrad Herz nursery, Germany before 2007 and still available commercially in central Europe. comm. Marginal teeth with short mucronate tips 0.4–1 mm long. Seeds are dried, packaged and stored at a sub-zero temperature in our seed bank vault. The summer linden has a broad, ovoid to round crown and a rounded top. Bark brownish-grey, developing longitudinal square-cracking ridges after about 30 years. Image Owen Johnson. Hairiness increases gradually as one moves north, east and west (Pigott 2012). Germany, corinthiaca), glabrous. Origin unknown, before 2009; marketed as a street tree in central and eastern Europe (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013; Lappen Tree Nurseries 2020). View our bugger size guide Tilia platyphyllos. Similar sports occur in several lime species Pigott (2012) but this is the only named form, and the only one to have been planted at all widely. Unlike T. cordata, T. platyphyllos is quite able to set fertile seed in short cool summers. Tilia platyphyllos is native to central and southern Europe (including Great Britain, where it is possibly only native in woods on calcareous soils). Featured: Lysimachia arvensis Origin unrecorded, but there may be a clue in the name; introduced before 1991 (Hillier Nurseries 1991) and still in the European nursery trade. The name "lime", possibly a corruption of "line" originally from "lind", has been in us… The latinized cultivar name is probably invalid (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013). Many cultivated forms and cultivars have arisen from Tilia platyphyllos but few are available commercially. Dense, compact, ovoid crown, consistent growth rate; an important commercial clone for street planting. Cambridge University Press. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. It has young brown-reddish branches. The example in the 1890’s lime collection at Alexandra Park, Hastings, East Sussex (107 cm dbh in 2016 – Tree Register 2018) was only recognised as this cultivar (and as a grafted tree) after it was cut back and the vigorous sprouts from above the graft provided a contrast in colour to those from below it (O. Johnson, pers. Tilia platyphyllos is native to central and southern Europe (including Great Britain, where it is possibly only native in woods on calcareous soils). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. (2020), 'Tilia platyphyllos' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/tilia/tilia-platyphyllos/). Schneider (1912) attempted to categorise this variation by describing five subspecies. European Lime. Bize nasıl ulaşabilirsiniz The summer linden has a broad, ovoid to round crown and a rounded top. It is a more upland species than T. cordata, associated with calcareous soils, but despite their habitat and morphological differences Linnaeus failed to distinguish between the two western European species and their hybrid (Pigott 2012). Based on Article 16d(1), Article 16f and Article 16h of D irective 2001/83/EC as amended (traditional use) Final . Petiole sometimes with simple hairs. Of unknown origin, it was grown at Kew Gardens by 1894 (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013). Narrow crowned, unusual in its late, reddish-brown autumn colour; low susceptibility to red spider mite is claimed. C.D. A nagylevelű hárs (Tilia platyphyllos) bemutatása, gondozása A nagylevelű hárs (Tilia platyphyllos) kb. Related Links. Slow growing, with a small crown. The wood is strong but prone to decay when damp, so has limited use as a building material. A curiosity with twisted young shoots, sometimes forming loops. 30-35méteres maximális magasságot elérő, lombhullató fa, mely Közép és Dél-Európa, valamint a Kaukázus területéről származik. In Ireland, where it is not native, a tree in parkland at Grove House, Co. Tipperary was 41.5 m tall in 2000 (Tree Register 2018). Scientific name Source Tilia platyphyllos subsp. – largeleaf linden Subordinate Taxa. After one year, twigs are hairy and bright green, becoming bare in the winter. Upright crown, narrow in youth, with bright red branchlets in winter (Hillier Nurseries 2020; van den Berk Nurseries 2020). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone Other examples include one planted in 1888 as ‘Aurantia’ in the Glasnevin National Botanic Garden, Dublin, 25 m, dbh 102 cm in 2018, and another at Ryston Hall in Norfolk, purchased from Späth in 1911 and 16 m, dbh 94 cm in 2008 (Tree Register 2018). Caratteristiche botaniche: La Tilia platyphyllos è un grande albero a foglia caduca, può raggiungere i 40 metri di altezza, con chioma da largamente colonnare a arrotondata espansa.Corteccia grigio scura con strette fenditure. (1967). cordifolia (Besser) C.K.Schneid. Tilia platyphyllos M.Bieb. Le due specie si ibridano fra loro dando origine a Tilia x europaea (detto anche Tilia × vulgaris … Image Tom Christian. Tilia platyphyllos Scop. The distribution range of the tree is more limiting than the very similar small-leaved lime. Many of the ancient village limes of central Europe belong to Tilia platyphyllos. Big Bugger. Pressed and dried specimens of Tilia platyphyllos are held in Kew's Herbarium, where they are available to researchers by appointment. The young twigs are hairy. Various forms with dissected leaves belong here (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013); we discuss them collectively since many are not individually named, some names and clones are not clearly distinguished, and none are at all common. Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher. Ireland, Herbarium Catalogue Specimens The trunk is heavy and irregular, light grey and later grooved. Cut-leaved forms are discussed under ‘Laciniata’, and very dwarf forms under ‘Compacta’. ex W.D.J.Koch Tilia hostii Opiz, 1852 Tilia platyphyllos f. aurea (Loudon) Rehder Homonyms Tilia platyphyllos Scop. Aberglasney Garden, Carmarthenshire. Tilia platyphyllos 'Pendula' has spreading branches and pendant (hanging) branchlets. Czechoslovakia, 20 m. The trunk is light grey and later grooved. Height up to approx. Data retrieved on: 26 May 2019 Danihelka J., Chrtek J. Jr. & Kaplan Z. While admitting that they are points in a continuum, Pigott (2012) adopts three of these. Buds with 3 exposed scales (2 in subsp. Tilia platyphyllos Scop.. Large-leaved lime. While examples in cultivation are propagated by grafting or layering (Bean 1981), whether or not they represent a single clone is a moot point. Other more or less dwarf clones include ‘Belvedere’ and ‘Pannonia’ (q.v.). Grown in Germany since at least the mid-19th centuty, it has been quite widely planted in the United Kingdom; one had reached 14.5 m, dbh 64 cm by 2017 at Writtle College, Essex (Tree Register 2018). Tilia platyphyllos. The Millennium Seed Bank Partnership aims to save plant life worldwide, focusing on plants under threat and those of most use in the future. Its range extends further south than that of T. cordata, but less far north and east. PISTOIA. Introduced by the De Martelaer nursery, Belgium, before 2005 (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013; New Plants and Flowers 2015). For copyright and licence information, see the Licence page. Kubát et al. TILIA PLATYPHYLLOS | INNOCENTI & MANGONI PIANTE. An older clone, narrow-crowned (at least in youth) with steeply ascending branches (Bean 1981; van den Berk Nurseries 2020). Foliage on a recently planted Tilia platyphyllos Laciniata Group, growing in the Trädgårdsföreningen (Horticultural Society Gardens) in Gothenburg, Sweden. Tilia platyphyllos 'Rubra' has reddish twigs in winter and has been given an Award of Garden Merit (AGM) by the Royal Horticultural Society. The large-leaved lime, though, reaches slightly further south and is rarely found in Northern Europe. A very slow-growing, compact, shrubby Czech selection, reaching around1.5 m height and spread (Bluebell Arboretum and Nursery 2020). All European species of Tilia are interfertile, meaning they can breed with each other, and natural hybrids are common, leading to difficulties in their identification. ‘Örebro’ is similar (van den Berk Nurseries 2020). & Sutton, J. Image Owen Johnson. (1968). 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system. Tilia cordata Miller, Tilia platyphyllos Scop., Tilia x A slow-growing, bushy dwarf, originating in the Netherlands around 1925 (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013; Geers. Latinski naziv: Tilia platyphyllos Scop. (eds.) Wetland Status. An extraordinary form in which at least some leaves have their sides joined at the base, to resemble a pitcher (Elwes & Henry 1913). A very floriferous tree, rather slender and slow-growing (but ultimately to 26 m at Drumkilbo, Perth and Kinross – Tree Register 2018), its leaves are small and variously dissected; no two leaves are the same shape, and the effect is delicate and attractive. Lacking stellate hairs on the undersides of the leaves, T. platyphyllos is placed in Section Anastraea.