A ‘vine-leaved’ lime with weakly three- or five-lobed leaves, resembling those of Tilia mongolica but considerably larger. cordifolia (Besser) C.K.Schneid. & Sutton, J. It is also frequently planted in parks and gardens. (2020), 'Tilia platyphyllos' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/tilia/tilia-platyphyllos/). vitifolia (Host) Simonkai. Tilia Platyphyllos is commonly known as Lime Flowers. The clone is still in the nursery trade. After one year, twigs are hairy and bright green, becoming bare in the winter. Bigger Bugger. The German cultivar name translates as ‘Town Hall’. 40 year old trees of Tilia platyphyllos (centre) and Betula pendula in secondary woodland on limestone (chalk), near Dorking, Surrey, England, UK. ex W.D.J.Koch) Hoffm. Cambridge University Press. Flowers large (12–17 mm diameter), saucer-shaped. Featured: Lysimachia arvensis Red-twigged forms occur widely in wild populations. It induces sweating. Tilia platyphyllos Scop. Scopoli’s specific epithet of 1771, from the Greek platys (broad) and phyllon (a leaf), reflects the usually larger leaves of T. platyphyllos, which are downy at least in familiar western European forms. Austria, Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ A few old examples are immense. Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tilia_platyphyllos_subsp._platyphyllos&oldid=7094615" See Kew's Seed Information Database for further information on Tilia platyphyllos seeds. Tilia platyphyllos 'Rubra' has reddish twigs in winter and has been given an Award of Garden Merit (AGM) by the Royal Horticultural Society. cordifolia (Besser) C.K. Tilia platyphyllos M.Bieb. Tilia platyphyllos è diffuso nell'Europa continentale e nel Caucaso In Italia esistono, allo stato spontaneo, solo due specie di tigli, ossia questa specie e Tilia cordata . TILIA PLATYPHYLLOS ZELZATE ® | INNOCENTI & MANGONI PIANTE. Interpreting Wetland Status. Accessed 2021-01-04. There are a number of other 20th- and 21st-century cultivars, mostly Belgian, within Laciniata Group (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013). Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Narrow crowned, unusual in its late, reddish-brown autumn colour; low susceptibility to red spider mite is claimed. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Specimens of the wood and bark of large-leaved lime are held in Kew's Economic Botany Collection in the Sir Joseph Banks Building, where they are available to researchers by appointment. Introduced by the Ton van den Oever nursery, Netherlands in 2002 and still commercially available in Europe (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013; Guillot-Bourne 2020). Distribution  Albania Austria Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Czechia Denmark France Germany Greece Hungary Italy Luxembourg North Macedonia Moldova Montenegro Netherlands Poland mountains in the south Romania Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain mountains in the north and east Sweden SE coast, one site Switzerland Turkey Ukraine mountains in the south-west United Kingdom England and Wales (rare). Buds with 3 exposed scales (2 in subsp. Czechoslovakia, Broad-leaved Lime varies considerably across its range, especially in hairiness. corinthiaca (Bosc ex K. Koch) Pigott, is endemic to the Peloponnese and somewhat more distinct, with essentially glabrous leaves and thin-walled, spindle shaped fruits. Similar sports occur in several lime species Pigott (2012) but this is the only named form, and the only one to have been planted at all widely. Origine: Europa, Caucaso, Asia Minore. Aberglasney Garden, Carmarthenshire. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Tilia platyphyllos subsp. A form with blue-green twigs and leaves bluish underneath, represented by an old tree in the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (19699330*A; 21 m, dbh 73 cm in 2014 – Tree Register 2018) It has had at least a small distribution, having once been listed by Kris Michielsen in Belgium (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013). Rasprostranjenost: Kod nas velelisna lipa raste u šumi lipe i tise, u reliktnoj zajednici sjeverozapadnoga dijela Hrvatske, a pridolazi u pojasu brdske budove šume (Medvednicca, Kalnik, Ivančica, Macelj, Samoborska gora, sjeverni dio Gorskoga kotara). Hosszú életű fa, Európa szerte élnek 1000évesnél Big Bugger. Romania, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone Seeds are dried, packaged and stored at a sub-zero temperature in our seed bank vault. Tilia platyphyllos is native to central and southern Europe (including Great Britain, where it is possibly only native in woods on calcareous soils). Vigorous, narrow-crowned in youth. Tilia platyphyllos Scop.. Large-leaved lime. Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Kew Species Profiles In decreasing order of hairiness, they are: subsp. ‘Donovan’s Filigree’ (Royal Horticultural Society 2018) is presumed to be the same plant, and it is also circulating simply as ‘Filigree’ (J. Grimshaw, pers. cordifolia (Besser) C.K. Neat, large, vigorous tree. Another variant has very broad, fasciated, yellow major veins to its twisted and shredded leaves; a tree planted in the mid-20th century by the late Maurice Mason at Talbot Manor in Norfolk was 12 m, dbh 37 cm in 2008, and there was a much younger 8 m example at Common Farm, Semer, Suffolk, in 2016 (Tree Register 2018). Synonyms Tilia platyphyllos 'Corallina' Family Malvaceae Genus Tilia are deciduous trees with broadly ovate or heart-shaped leaves and pendulous clusters of fragrant yellow-green flowers, followed by conspicuous winged fruits Details 'Rubra' is a large vigorous deciduous tree of rather erect habit, the twigs reddish in winter. Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Kew Backbone Distributions Skin conditioning agent - miscellaneous: Tilia Cordata Flower, Tilia Cordata Flower Extract, Tilia Cordata Flower Water, Tilia Europaea Flower Extract, Tilia Platyphyllos Flower Scientific Facts: Tilia is a genus of about 30 species of trees, native throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere, in Asia, Europe and eastern North America. Similar Images . (2012): Seznam cévnatých rostlin květeny České republiky , Preslia 84: 647–811 [as Tilia platyphyllos Scop. European Lime. Each ovary has five compartments, each of which contains two ovules. Germany, Lime wood is pale and soft and cuts cleanly; it has been used by wood-carvers since the Middle Ages. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. The Millennium Seed Bank Partnership aims to save plant life worldwide, focusing on plants under threat and those of most use in the future. A curiosity with twisted young shoots, sometimes forming loops. Lacking stellate hairs on the undersides of the leaves, T. platyphyllos is placed in Section Anastraea. Origin unrecorded, but there may be a clue in the name; introduced before 1991 (Hillier Nurseries 1991) and still in the European nursery trade. Found as a witch’s broom in an old tree at the Belvedere, Prague Castle (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013). platyphyllos Scop., Tilia x vulgaris Heyne or their mixtures, flos . Large-leaved lime is one of the parents of the natural hybrid Tilia × europaea, which is widely cultivated and used as a street tree. A full-sized variety with a broadly ovoid crown, retaining its leaves unusually late into autumn; a degree of aphid resistance is claimed. Inflorescence drooping, with just 3 flowers or with as many as 7. SynonymsTilia vitifolia HostTilia platyphyllos var. Narrow-crowned, with leaves staying green late into autumn. Leaves 6–11 × 6-10 cm, suborbicular and often with drooping sides; upper surface dark green, slightly rugose and sometimes with a sparse cover of simple hairs; underside mid-green, often with a cover of simple hairs and always with small denser patches of brownish hairs under the vein axils. Data retrieved on: 26 May 2019 Danihelka J., Chrtek J. Jr. & Kaplan Z. PISTOIA. Corse, Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. C.D. It is in the European trade, and was propagated commercially in North America by 1959, when the Arnold Arboretum acquired a specimen (88 cm dbh in 2019 – Arnold Arboretum 2020). The summer linden has a broad, ovoid to round crown and a rounded top. Lime trees have fragrant flowers that are visited by bees. Young leaves can be eaten as salad, and flowers have long been used in continental Europe to make a tea believed to have a calming effect. (1967). Selected by M. Barabits, Hungary, and first sold by the Bömer nursery, the Netherlands, around 1985 (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013; Bruns Pflanzen-Export 2020). Le due specie si ibridano fra loro dando origine a Tilia x europaea (detto anche Tilia × vulgaris … The distribution range of the tree is more limiting than the very similar small-leaved lime. Fruit 9–12 × 8–10 mm, obovoid, with 5 ribs, covered in dense white tomentum; wall thick and woody (Pigott 2012). As with the specimens down the Avenue at Pershore, they can easily be pollarded back to a core set of branches each spring, giving a really pleasing effect. The dissected foliage of the Cut-leaved Lime gives the summer crown a special delicacy. A young tree grows in the Sir Harold Hillier Gardens, Hampshire (Tree Register 2018). Selected in the Netherlands before 1980, and still commercially available in Europe (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013; van den Berk Nurseries 2020). The vast majority are selected for crown form, especially for strongly ascending branches, leading to relatively narrow crown in youth. There are currently no active references in this article. Of unknown origin, it was grown at Kew Gardens by 1894 (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013). Albania, Origin unknown, before 2009; marketed as a street tree in central and eastern Europe (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013; Lappen Tree Nurseries 2020). A Kárpát-medencében jellegzetesen elegyfa, amely főleg gyertyános-tölgyesekben és ártéri ligeterdőkben gyakori. Főképpen Közép- és Dél-Európában elterjedt faj. Although less commonly planted in Britain than T. × europaea, this is a shapely, characterful tree, which does not produce masses of epicormic shoots (Bean 1981). Please enter the date on which you consulted the system. Its range extends further south than that of T. cordata, but less far north and east. Introduced by the De Martelaer nursery, Belgium, before 2005 (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013; New Plants and Flowers 2015). One extreme form of this variant is ‘Tiltstone Filigree’ with remarkably deeply cut leaves; its habit is neat and narrow. Twigs 2–4 mm thick, often hairy and often reddish in sun. Each flower has numerous stamens (male parts) that are more or less fused into five bundles. Tilia platyphyllos. Schneid. The wood is strong but prone to decay when damp, so has limited use as a building material. Piggott: Tree bark: Bark of a 270 year old tree in an avenue, Uckfield, Sussex, England, UK. Kubát et al. A form with drooping branches, perhaps old but of uncertain origin (Santamour & McArdle 1985). Young leaves yellow, turning green later, crown narrow in youth. The original in the Wageningen Arboretum was about 4.5 m tall after 40 years (Bean 1981). Large-leaved lime (Tilia platyphyllos) is a large and long-living tree. Transcaucasus, Schneid. It is a popular domestic remedy for a number of ailments. Younger plantings of Tilia platyphyllos typically make very neat parabolic domes and may represent the old variant 'Rubra'. Tilia platyphyllos 'Pendula' has spreading branches and pendant (hanging) branchlets. Trees from the Mediterranean edge are least hairy. (ed.) The heavy lateral branches are usually found low on the trunk. obs.). – largeleaf linden Subordinate Taxa. The common nameslargeleaf linden and large-leaved linden are in standard use throughout the English-speaking world except in the British Isles, where it is known as large-leaved lime. Many cultivated forms and cultivars have arisen from Tilia platyphyllos but few are available commercially. German examples include the Heeder Linde at Heede, 4.9 m dbh in 2016, and the Tanzlinde Schenklengsfeld, whose fragmented trunk is about 5.5 m across. Flowers: Flowers are fragrant, borne in groups of 2-6, and bisexual, with five free sepals and five free, yellowish petals. A compact form, which is quite widespread in the European trade, apparently normally offered top-grafted to give a standard with a small ball-shaped crown. Selected by the Konrad Herz nursery, Germany before 2007 and still available commercially in central Europe. 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Various forms with dissected leaves belong here (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013); we discuss them collectively since many are not individually named, some names and clones are not clearly distinguished, and none are at all common. Many of the ancient village limes of central Europe belong to Tilia platyphyllos. Dirr (2009) was unable to find the species, or any of its cultivars in recent American nursery catalogues. platyphyllos Scop., Tilia x vulgaris Heyne or their mixtures, flos . As with other limes, variegated cultivars tend not to persist in cultivation; this is certainly the case in ‘Albo-Marginata’ (white margins, pre-1903), but some extant cut-leaved clones are variegated (discussed under ‘Laciniata’). Turkey, comm. Davis, P.H. Tilia platyphyllos 'Laciniata' A Dutch selection with a compact manner of growth and an ovoid to pyramidal crown with a flattened top. (eds.) Bean (1981) felt that there might be more than one clone in circulation under this name. Still propagated commercially in Europe; ‘Delft’ is similar (van den Berk Nurseries 2020). At any rate, red winter twigs and an upright habit in youth are common to most typical Broad-leaved Limes in Britain (O. Johnson, pers. The name "lime", possibly a corruption of "line" originally from "lind", has been in us… Many cultivars have been named, almost all in Europe: Jablonski & Plietzsch (2013, 2014) provide a thorough checklist. Schneider (1912) attempted to categorise this variation by describing five subspecies. It is beneficial in the treatment of diseases involving sweating for relief including Cold, Fever etc. A large tree, to 40 m, dbh 4 m, of domed habit; trunk very seldom with epicormic sprouts. ‘Handsworth’ (Bean 1981) and ‘Mayday’ (Netherlands, 2011 – Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013) also have yellow twigs. Tilia platyphyllos is commonly called bigleaf linden. Discussion in Working Party on Community monographs and Community list (MLWP) May 2011 July 2011 Adoption by Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products ( HMPC) for release for consultation 13 September 2011 . When in flower the bracts almost exceed the foliage in coverage of the tree, making it look quite pale. Despite the common name, lime trees (of the genus Tilia) are not related to the citrus fruit we know as a lime. It produces intensely fragrant, yellow flowers in June and July and is, perhaps, the most fragrant of its species. Tilia platyphyllos 'Aurea' Quick Glance. An old German clone (van den Berk Nurseries 2020). It is also frequently planted in parks and gardens. Recommended citationJohnson, O. August 2020. While admitting that they are points in a continuum, Pigott (2012) adopts three of these. Yugoslavia, Great Britain, It has young brown-reddish branches. Tilia platyphyllos … Hairiness increases gradually as one moves north, east and west (Pigott 2012). Unlike T. cordata, T. platyphyllos is quite able to set fertile seed in short cool summers. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (2012). Image Owen Johnson. Widely planted as an ornamental and street tree. Bark brownish-grey, developing longitudinal square-cracking ridges after about 30 years. Tilia platyphyllos Name Synonyms Tilia grandifolia (Ehrh. A stone at the latter’s base claims that it was planted in 760 CE (monumentaltrees.com 2018). It originated in Europe before 1838, and was in the North American trade by 1853 (Jacobson 1996; Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013). Yellowy-green leaves are produced on bright yellow stems throughout the season on this easily managed tree. Related Links. This plant has no children Legal Status. Image Owen Johnson. The young twigs are hairy. Floral bracts 6–11 × 1.1–2.2 cm, sometimes downy. View our bugger size guide Tilia platyphyllos. It was found in a batch of layered trees, given to the Royal Horticultural Society’s garden in Chiswick in 1888 (Bean 1981; Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013), and grafted at Royal Botanic Garden, Kew, where material traceable to the original still grows (1972.12987; 21 m, dbh 58 cm in 2010 – Tree Register 2018); it is no longer a striking plant. As the common name suggests, it is noted for its big leaves (leaves are larger than those of littleleaf linden). 30-35méteres maximális magasságot elérő, lombhullató fa, mely Közép és Dél-Európa, valamint a Kaukázus területéről származik. Image Owen Johnson. Herbal substance(s) (binomial scientific name of the plant, including plant part) vulgaris. It was spotted and propagated by Donovan Caldwell Leaman at Caldwell and Sons Nurseries, Cheshire some time before the nurseries closed in 1992 (Leaman 2019); one of the two original plants, donated to the Thorp Perrow Arboretum in North Yorkshire, was 8 m, dbh 13 cm in 2019 (Tree Register 2019). pseudorubra C.K. A largely columnar tree, whose rounded-to-largely ovate, dark-green leaves which are of a lighter shade on the underside, turn yellow in autumn. © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Slow growing, with a small crown. This is another old clone, sold by the Baumann Brothers Nursery in France from 1838, but most authorities follow Bean (1981) in presuming that the cultivar commonly planted in gardens through the 20th century is ‘Laciniata’. Scientific name Source Tilia platyphyllos subsp. (2002): Klíč ke květeně České republiky, Academia, Praha [as Tilia platyphyllos Scop. Ireland, Herbarium Catalogue Specimens platyphyllos from central Europe; and subsp. A very slow-growing, compact, shrubby Czech selection, reaching around1.5 m height and spread (Bluebell Arboretum and Nursery 2020). Lime flower tea is also used widely to ease coughs. Selected by the Guillot-Bourne nursery, Jarcieu, France before 2012, and quite widespread in the European trade (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013; Guillot-Bourne 2020; van den Berk Nurseries 2020). It is noted for attracting wildlife. They include: ‘Barocco’ (A. Charlier, Belgium, pre-2005; variably cut leaves (les Jardins du Florilege 2020), some yellow spotting; ‘Capricio’ (Charlier, pre-2005, relatively large leaves); ‘Eniapseth’, (Charlier pre-2010, with slight variegation); ‘Erkegem’, (found at the Chateau d’Erkegem in Belgium, 1989; creamy-white variegation; possibly T. cordata misidentified); ‘Henryk’ (Bronislaw Szmit, Poland pre-1998; from a witch’s broom; dwarf and somewhat weeping – Szkółka Szmit 2020); ‘Mercedes’ (Charlier, pre-2010, weak, unstable variegation); ‘Pepi’ (De Martelaer, Netherlands, pre-2010; from a witch’s broom on ‘Laciniata’, dwarf with drooping red shoots; sold top grafted on 1m stem – De Martelaer Jo Nursery 2020)​​​​​​); ‘Stephanie’ (Charlier, pre-2010; variegated, with irregular yellow central zone). Tilia platyphyllos. © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Tilia platyphyllos (large-leaved lime or large-leaved linden) is a species of flowering plant in the family Malvaceae (Tiliaceae). Grown in Germany since at least the mid-19th centuty, it has been quite widely planted in the United Kingdom; one had reached 14.5 m, dbh 64 cm by 2017 at Writtle College, Essex (Tree Register 2018). Dimond around 1982 (Santamour & McArdle 1985); both clones had grown to 3 m tall at the Castlewellan National Arboretum in Co. Down by 2015 (Tree Register 2018). All European species of Tilia are interfertile, meaning they can breed with each other, and natural hybrids are common, leading to difficulties in their identification. Bize nasıl ulaşabilirsiniz A site produced by the International Dendrology Society. A very floriferous tree, rather slender and slow-growing (but ultimately to 26 m at Drumkilbo, Perth and Kinross – Tree Register 2018), its leaves are small and variously dissected; no two leaves are the same shape, and the effect is delicate and attractive. Other examples include one planted in 1888 as ‘Aurantia’ in the Glasnevin National Botanic Garden, Dublin, 25 m, dbh 102 cm in 2018, and another at Ryston Hall in Norfolk, purchased from Späth in 1911 and 16 m, dbh 94 cm in 2008 (Tree Register 2018). Wetland Status. The best documented surviving tree is at the former Cistercian monastery at Zlatá Koruna, Czech Republic (Almusaed 2018). Habitat Woodland, mostly on calcareous soils, to 1500 m. Tilia platyphyllos is a widespread and familiar species in Europe.

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